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Zabbix-mysql-dump - Configuration Backup for Zabbix with MySQL

Development | Software Testing
Description
This is a MySQL configuration backup script for Zabbix 1.x, 2.x and 3.0.x. It does a full backup of all configuration tables, but only a schema backup of large data tables.
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Description
#!/usr/bin/env bash
#
# NAME
#     zabbix-mysql-dump - Configuration Backup for Zabbix with MySQL
#
# VERSION
#     0.8.2
#
# SYNOPSIS
#     This is a MySQL configuration backup script for Zabbix 1.x, 2.x and 3.0.x.
#     It does a full backup of all configuration tables, but only a schema
#     backup of large data tables.
#
#     The script is based on a script by Ricardo Santos
#     (http://zabbixzone.com/zabbix/backuping-only-the-zabbix-configuration/)
#
# CONTRIBUTORS
#      - Ricardo Santos
#      - Jens Berthold (maxhq)
#      - Oleksiy Zagorskyi (zalex)
#      - Petr Jendrejovsky
#      - Jonathan Bayer
#      - Andreas Niedermann (dre-)
#      - Mișu Moldovan (dumol)
#      - Daniel Schneller (dschneller)
#      - Ruslan Ohitin (ruslan-ohitin)
#      - Jonathan Wright (neonardo1)
#      - msjmeyer
#
# AUTHOR
#     Jens Berthold (maxhq), 2016
#
# LICENSE
#     This script is released under the MIT License (see LICENSE.txt)


#
# DEFAULT VALUES
#
# DO NOT EDIT THESE VALUES!
# Instead, use command line parameters or a config file to specify options.
#
DUMPDIR="$PWD"
DBHOST="127.0.0.1"
DBNAME="zabbix"
DBUSER="zabbix"
DBPASS=""
COMPRESSION="gz"
QUIET="no"
REVERSELOOKUP="yes"
GENERATIONSTOKEEP=0

#
# SHOW HELP
#
if [ -z "$1" ]; then
	cat <<EOF
USAGE
	$(basename $BASH_SOURCE) [options]

OPTIONS
	-h HOST
		Hostname/IP of MySQL server.
		Default: $DBHOST

	-d DATABASE
		Zabbix database name.
		Default: $DBNAME

	-u USER
		MySQL user to access Zabbix database.
		Default: $DBUSER

	-p PASSWORD
		MySQL user password (specify "-" for a prompt).
		Default: no password

	-o DIR
		Save Zabbix MySQL dumps to DIR.
		Default: $DUMPDIR

	-c FILE
		Use FILE for MySQL options (passed via --defaults-extra-file).
		PLEASE NOTE:
		mysqldump needs the database to be specified via command line.
		So the first "database" options found in the config file is
		used for mysqldump.

	-r NUM
		Rotate backups while keeping up to NUM generations.
		Uses filename to match.
		Default: keep all backups

	-x
		Compress using xz instead of gz
		PLEASE NOTE:
		xz compression will take much longer and consume more CPU time
		but the resulting backup will be about half the size of the same
		sql file compressed using gz. Your mileage may vary.

	-0
		Do not compress the sql dump

	-n
		Skip reverse lookup of IP address for host.

	-q
		Quiet mode: no output except for errors (for batch/crontab use).

EXAMPLES
	$(basename $BASH_SOURCE) -h 1.2.3.4 -d zabbixdb -u zabbix -p test
	$(basename $BASH_SOURCE) -u zabbix -p - -o /tmp
	$(basename $BASH_SOURCE) -c /etc/mysql/mysql.cnf
	$(basename $BASH_SOURCE) -c /etc/mysql/mysql.cnf -d zabbixdb

EOF
	exit 1
fi

#
# PARSE COMMAND LINE ARGUMENTS
#
DB_GIVEN=0
while getopts ":h:d:u:p:o:r:c:x0qn" opt; do
	case $opt in
		h)  DBHOST="$OPTARG" ;;
		d)  DBNAME="$OPTARG"; DB_GIVEN=1 ;;
		u)  DBUSER="$OPTARG" ;;
		p)  DBPASS="$OPTARG" ;;
		c)  CNFFILE="$OPTARG" ;;
		o)  DUMPDIR="$OPTARG" ;;
		r)  GENERATIONSTOKEEP=$(printf '%.0f' "$OPTARG") ;;
		x)  COMPRESSION="xz" ;;
		0)  COMPRESSION="" ;;
		n)  REVERSELOOKUP="no" ;;
		q)  QUIET="yes" ;;
		\?) echo "Invalid option: -$OPTARG" >&2; exit 1 ;;
		:)  echo "Option -$OPTARG requires an argument" >&2; exit 1 ;;
	esac
done

# Password prompt
if [ "$DBPASS" = "-" ]; then
	read -s -p "Enter MySQL password for user '$DBUSER' (input will be hidden): " DBPASS
	echo ""
fi

# Config file validations
if [ ! -z "$CNFFILE" ]; then
	if [ ! -r "$CNFFILE" ]; then
		echo "ERROR: Cannot read configuration file $CNFFILE" >&2
		exit 1
	fi
	# Database name needs special treatment:
	# For mysqldump it has to be specified on the command line!
	# Therefore we need to get it from the config file
	if [ $DB_GIVEN -eq 0 ]; then
		DBNAME=$(grep -m 1 ^database= "$CNFFILE" | cut -d= -f2)
	fi
fi

#
# CONSTANTS
#
SUFFIX=""; test ! -z $COMPRESSION && SUFFIX=".${COMPRESSION}"

MYSQL_OPTS=()
[ ! -z "$CNFFILE" ] && MYSQL_OPTS=("${MYSQL_OPTS[@]}" --defaults-extra-file="$CNFFILE")
[ ! -z "$DBHOST" ] && MYSQL_OPTS=("${MYSQL_OPTS[@]}" -h $DBHOST)
[ ! -z "$DBUSER" ] && MYSQL_OPTS=("${MYSQL_OPTS[@]}" -u $DBUSER)
[ ! -z "$DBPASS" ] && MYSQL_OPTS=("${MYSQL_OPTS[@]}" -p"$DBPASS")

MYSQL_OPTS_BATCH=("${MYSQL_OPTS[@]}" --batch --silent)
[ ! -z "$DBNAME" ] && MYSQL_OPTS_BATCH=("${MYSQL_OPTS_BATCH[@]}" -D $DBNAME)

# Log file for errors
ERRORLOG=$(mktemp)

# Host name: try reverse lookup if IP is given
DBHOSTNAME="$DBHOST"
command -v dig >/dev/null 2>&1
FIND_DIG=$?
if [ "$REVERSELOOKUP" == "yes" -a $FIND_DIG -eq 0 ]; then
	# Try resolving a given host ip
	newHostname=$(dig +noall +answer -x $DBHOST | sed -r 's/((\S+)\s+)+([^\.]+)\..*/\3/')
	test \! -z "$newHostname" && DBHOSTNAME="$newHostname"
fi

#
# CONFIG DUMP
#
if [ "$QUIET" == "no" ]; then
	cat <<-EOF
	Configuration:
	 - host:     $DBHOST ($DBHOSTNAME)
	 - database: $DBNAME
	 - user:     $DBUSER
	 - output:   $DUMPDIR

EOF
fi

#
# FUNCTIONS
#

# Returns TRUE if argument 1 is part of the given array (remaining arguments)
elementIn () {
	local e
	for e in "${@:2}"; do [[ "$e" == "$1" ]] && return 0; done
	return 1
}

#
# CHECKS
#
if [ ! -x /usr/bin/mysqldump ]; then
	echo "mysqldump not found." >&2
	echo "(with Debian, \"apt-get install mysql-client\" will help)" >&2
	exit 1
fi

#
# READ TABLE LIST from __DATA__ section at the end of this script
# (http://stackoverflow.com/a/3477269/2983301)
#
DATA_TABLES=()
while read line; do
	table=$(echo "$line" | cut -d" " -f1)
	echo "$line" | cut -d" " -f5 | grep -qi "DATA"
	test $? -eq 0 && DATA_TABLES+=($table)
done < <(sed '0,/^__DATA__$/d' "$BASH_SOURCE" | tr -s " ")

# paranoid check
if [ ${#DATA_TABLES[@]} -lt 5 ]; then
	echo "ERROR: The number of large data tables configured in this script is less than 5." >&2
	exit 1
fi

#
# BACKUP
#
# Read table list from database
[ "$QUIET" == "no" ] && echo "Fetching list of existing tables..."
DB_TABLES=$(mysql "${MYSQL_OPTS_BATCH[@]}" -e "SELECT table_name FROM information_schema.tables WHERE table_schema = '$DBNAME'" 2>$ERRORLOG)
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then echo "ERROR while trying to access database:" 2>&1; cat $ERRORLOG 2>&1; exit 1; fi
DB_TABLES=$(echo "$DB_TABLES" | sort)
DB_TABLE_NUM=$(echo "$DB_TABLES" | wc -l)

# Query Zabbix database version
VERSION=""
DB_VER=$(mysql "${MYSQL_OPTS_BATCH[@]}" -N -e "select optional from dbversion;" 2>/dev/null)
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
	# version string is like: 02030015
	re='(.*)([0-9]{2})([0-9]{4})'
	if [[ $DB_VER =~ $re ]]; then
		VERSION="_db-${BASH_REMATCH[1]}.$(( ${BASH_REMATCH[2]} + 0 )).$(( ${BASH_REMATCH[3]} + 0 ))"
	fi
fi

# Assemble file name
DUMPFILENAME_PREFIX="zabbix_cfg_${DBHOSTNAME}"
DUMPFILEBASE="${DUMPFILENAME_PREFIX}_$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M)${VERSION}.sql"
DUMPFILE="$DUMPDIR/$DUMPFILEBASE"

PROCESSED_DATA_TABLES=()
i=0

mkdir -p "${DUMPDIR}"

[ "$QUIET" == "no" ] && echo "Starting table backups..."
while read table; do
	# large data tables: only store schema
	if elementIn "$table" "${DATA_TABLES[@]}"; then
		dump_opt="--no-data"
		PROCESSED_DATA_TABLES+=($table)
	# configuration tables: full dump
	else
		dump_opt="--extended-insert=FALSE"
	fi

	mysqldump "${MYSQL_OPTS[@]}" \
		--routines --opt --single-transaction --skip-lock-tables \
		$dump_opt \
		$DBNAME --tables ${table} >> "$DUMPFILE" 2>$ERRORLOG

	if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then echo -e "\nERROR: Could not backup table ${table}:" >&2; cat $ERRORLOG >&2; exit 1; fi

	if [ "$QUIET" == "no" ]; then
		# show percentage
		i=$((i+1)); i_percent=$(($i * 100 / $DB_TABLE_NUM))
		if [ $(($i_percent % 12)) -eq 0 ]; then
			echo -n "${i_percent}%"
		else
			if [ $(($i_percent % 2)) -eq 0 ]; then echo -n "."; fi
		fi
	fi
done <<<"$DB_TABLES"

rm $ERRORLOG

#
# COMPRESS BACKUP
#
if [ "$QUIET" == "no" ]; then
	echo -e "\n"
	echo "For the following large tables only the schema (without data) was stored:"
	for table in "${PROCESSED_DATA_TABLES[@]}"; do echo " - $table"; done

	echo
	echo "Compressing backup file..."
fi

EXITCODE=0
if [ "$COMPRESSION" == "gz" ]; then gzip -f "$DUMPFILE"; EXITCODE=$?; fi
if [ "$COMPRESSION" == "xz" ]; then xz   -f "$DUMPFILE"; EXITCODE=$?; fi
if [ $EXITCODE -ne 0 ]; then
	echo -e "\nERROR: Could not compress backup file, see previous messages" >&2
	exit 1
fi

[ "$QUIET" == "no" ] && echo -e "\nBackup Completed:\n${DUMPFILE}${SUFFIX}"

#
# ROTATE OLD BACKUPS
#
if [ $GENERATIONSTOKEEP -gt 0 ]; then
	[ "$QUIET" == "no" ] && echo "Removing old backups, keeping up to $GENERATIONSTOKEEP"
	REMOVE_OLD_CMD="cd \"$DUMPDIR\" && ls -t \"${DUMPFILENAME_PREFIX}\"* | /usr/bin/awk \"NR>${GENERATIONSTOKEEP}\" | xargs rm -f "
	eval ${REMOVE_OLD_CMD}
	if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
		echo "ERROR: Could not rotate old backups" >&2
		exit 1
	fi
fi

exit 0

################################################################################
# List of all known table names and a flag indicating data (=large) tables
#

__DATA__
acknowledges               1.3.1    - 3.0.3  DATA
actions                    1.3.1    - 3.0.3
alerts                     1.3.1    - 3.0.3  DATA
application_discovery      2.5.0    - 3.0.3
application_prototype      2.5.0    - 3.0.3
application_template       2.1.0    - 3.0.3
applications               1.3.1    - 3.0.3
auditlog                   1.3.1    - 3.0.3  DATA
auditlog_details           1.7      - 3.0.3  DATA
autoreg                    1.3.1    - 1.3.4
autoreg_host               1.7      - 3.0.3
conditions                 1.3.1    - 3.0.3
config                     1.3.1    - 3.0.3
dbversion                  2.1.0    - 3.0.3
dchecks                    1.3.4    - 3.0.3
dhosts                     1.3.4    - 3.0.3
drules                     1.3.4    - 3.0.3
dservices                  1.3.4    - 3.0.3
escalations                1.5.3    - 3.0.3
events                     1.3.1    - 3.0.3  DATA
expressions                1.7      - 3.0.3
functions                  1.3.1    - 3.0.3
globalmacro                1.7      - 3.0.3
globalvars                 1.9.6    - 3.0.3
graph_discovery            1.9.0    - 3.0.3
graph_theme                1.7      - 3.0.3
graphs                     1.3.1    - 3.0.3
graphs_items               1.3.1    - 3.0.3
group_discovery            2.1.4    - 3.0.3
group_prototype            2.1.4    - 3.0.3
groups                     1.3.1    - 3.0.3
help_items                 1.3.1    - 2.1.8
history                    1.3.1    - 3.0.3  DATA
history_log                1.3.1    - 3.0.3  DATA
history_str                1.3.1    - 3.0.3  DATA
history_str_sync           1.3.1    - 2.2.13 DATA
history_sync               1.3.1    - 2.2.13 DATA
history_text               1.3.1    - 3.0.3  DATA
history_uint               1.3.1    - 3.0.3  DATA
history_uint_sync          1.3.1    - 2.2.13 DATA
host_discovery             2.1.4    - 3.0.3
host_inventory             1.9.6    - 3.0.3
host_profile               1.9.3    - 1.9.5
hostmacro                  1.7      - 3.0.3
hosts                      1.3.1    - 3.0.3
hosts_groups               1.3.1    - 3.0.3
hosts_profiles             1.3.1    - 1.9.2
hosts_profiles_ext         1.6      - 1.9.2
hosts_templates            1.3.1    - 3.0.3
housekeeper                1.3.1    - 3.0.3
httpstep                   1.3.3    - 3.0.3
httpstepitem               1.3.3    - 3.0.3
httptest                   1.3.3    - 3.0.3
httptestitem               1.3.3    - 3.0.3
icon_map                   1.9.6    - 3.0.3
icon_mapping               1.9.6    - 3.0.3
ids                        1.3.3    - 3.0.3
images                     1.3.1    - 3.0.3
interface                  1.9.1    - 3.0.3
interface_discovery        2.1.4    - 3.0.3
item_application_prototype 2.5.0    - 3.0.3
item_condition             2.3.0    - 3.0.3
item_discovery             1.9.0    - 3.0.3
items                      1.3.1    - 3.0.3
items_applications         1.3.1    - 3.0.3
maintenances               1.7      - 3.0.3
maintenances_groups        1.7      - 3.0.3
maintenances_hosts         1.7      - 3.0.3
maintenances_windows       1.7      - 3.0.3
mappings                   1.3.1    - 3.0.3
media                      1.3.1    - 3.0.3
media_type                 1.3.1    - 3.0.3
node_cksum                 1.3.1    - 2.2.13
node_configlog             1.3.1    - 1.4.7
nodes                      1.3.1    - 2.2.13
opcommand                  1.9.4    - 3.0.3
opcommand_grp              1.9.2    - 3.0.3
opcommand_hst              1.9.2    - 3.0.3
opconditions               1.5.3    - 3.0.3
operations                 1.3.4    - 3.0.3
opgroup                    1.9.2    - 3.0.3
opinventory                3.0.0    - 3.0.3
opmediatypes               1.7      - 1.8.22
opmessage                  1.9.2    - 3.0.3
opmessage_grp              1.9.2    - 3.0.3
opmessage_usr              1.9.2    - 3.0.3
optemplate                 1.9.2    - 3.0.3
profiles                   1.3.1    - 3.0.3
proxy_autoreg_host         1.7      - 3.0.3
proxy_dhistory             1.5      - 3.0.3
proxy_history              1.5.1    - 3.0.3
regexps                    1.7      - 3.0.3
rights                     1.3.1    - 3.0.3
screen_user                3.0.0    - 3.0.3
screen_usrgrp              3.0.0    - 3.0.3
screens                    1.3.1    - 3.0.3
screens_items              1.3.1    - 3.0.3
scripts                    1.5      - 3.0.3
service_alarms             1.3.1    - 3.0.3
services                   1.3.1    - 3.0.3
services_links             1.3.1    - 3.0.3
services_times             1.3.1    - 3.0.3
sessions                   1.3.1    - 3.0.3
slides                     1.3.4    - 3.0.3
slideshow_user             3.0.0    - 3.0.3
slideshow_usrgrp           3.0.0    - 3.0.3
slideshows                 1.3.4    - 3.0.3
sysmap_element_url         1.9.0    - 3.0.3
sysmap_url                 1.9.0    - 3.0.3
sysmap_user                3.0.0    - 3.0.3
sysmap_usrgrp              3.0.0    - 3.0.3
sysmaps                    1.3.1    - 3.0.3
sysmaps_elements           1.3.1    - 3.0.3
sysmaps_link_triggers      1.5      - 3.0.3
sysmaps_links              1.3.1    - 3.0.3
timeperiods                1.7      - 3.0.3
trends                     1.3.1    - 3.0.3  DATA
trends_uint                1.5      - 3.0.3  DATA
trigger_depends            1.3.1    - 3.0.3
trigger_discovery          1.9.0    - 3.0.3
triggers                   1.3.1    - 3.0.3
user_history               1.7      - 2.4.8
users                      1.3.1    - 3.0.3
users_groups               1.3.1    - 3.0.3
usrgrp                     1.3.1    - 3.0.3
valuemaps                  1.3.1    - 3.0.3


on January 13th, 2021 (10:06 pm)
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